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Blood Borne Viruses

What are Blood Borne Viruses (BBV)?

Blood borne viruses live in some people's blood and can make you very sick.
Sometimes people who have these viruses do not have any symptoms or look sick.
If their blood comes into contact with your blood you can get the virus. 
Without treatment, BBV's can impact on your overall health.

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Types of BBV

  • Hepatitis A

  • Hepatitis B

  • Hepatitis C



Hepatitis means your liver has become inflamed. Hepatitis can be caused by viruses, alcohol consumption, drugs and some chemicals.

  • Hepatitis A is spread mainly through eating food or drinking water that has been contaminated by the faeces of an infected person. There have been some outbreaks associated with eating contaminated shellfish.
  • Hepatitis B is transmitted through contact with the blood or other body fluids (for example semen and vaginal fluid) of an infected person. It can also be passed on from mother to child during childbirth.


HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus and is a virus that damages the immune system, which makes the body vulnerable to other diseases and infections.
HIV is most commonly spread when having unprotected sex or sharing needles and other injecting equipment.
AIDS stands for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome and is the most advanced stage of HIV infection.

For more information

For more information on testing for a blood borne virus or to get a vaccination for Hepatitis B contact your local GP or Hepatitis WA.